Makar Sankranti is celebrated on January 14 each year, as the sun enters the rashi Capricorn. Sankranti means the entry of the sun from one zodiac to another. From the south, the sun shifts northwards and hence the day is also known as Uttarayan. Daylight hours increase from this day and the actual Sankranti occurs in an extremely short period.
This festival celebrated every year, has both astronomical and geographical implications related to Planet Earth. It can therefore be termed as a ‘Festival of Nature’. Our Earth, which revolves around the Sun and rotates on its own axis, has a periodical movement. It circles around Sun in an oval manner. Every six months it swings from one end to another. Those two points of transition of Earth are celebrated among the Hindu community as Sankramanas – Makara Sankramana in January and Karkataka (Mithuna) Sakramana in June.